Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet" piece notwithstanding, funny how Punk came to be so associated with British Rock culture in the mainstream... as, originally it comes from US slang describing a small time crook, a downtown hoodlum or a juvenile delinquent and was first widely heard in Hollywood Gangster movies of the 1930s usually involving the acts of Humphrey Bogart, Edward G. Robinson or James Cagney... and especially "The Dead End Kids" series, the street-wise granddaddies of punk!
Then, a group of Rolling Stone magazine rock critic dissidents (Lester Bangs, Greg Shaw, Lenny Kaye...) came to coin the term "Punk-rock" to generally describe the music of post British-Invasion/ pre-Hippie garage-bands in the States : the first time the term was ever used to describe that music was when critic Dave Marsh (who used to write for 16 Magazine in the Sixties!) wrote about ? and the Mysterians (96 Tears) still playing two or three chord stuff while most of their contemporaries had graduated to Heavy or Progressive... in the 1971 may edition of Creem ("America's Only Rock'n'Roll Magazine"); he writes about them being one of the major exponents of "punk rock".
While there were talks about "bands playing in their garage" here and there on sixties magazines (as early as Surf instrumental music!), one had to wait for 1972 and the fanzine "Flash" to classify ten sixties albums as being Punk Top Ten... That same year, Lenny Kaye used the term in the liner notes to the cult compilation : Nuggets, in reference to sixties garage-rock bands like The Standells, The Sonics or The Seeds. Greg Shaw's Bomp! fanzine (... yeah! Actually "Punk-rock" was born and bred in Fanzines!) uses the term randomly all during the Seventies, applying it to sixties Psychedelic-rock bands too. In may 1973, Billy Altman finally launched Punk Magazine.
That's where the confusion starts : "Punk" was totally an underground thing, like a code word for true Rock'n'roll fans in the know, that were fed-up with pompous Stadium Rock operas and what the mainstream Rock stations were serving them as "Classic Rock"... they had to search for their records in thrift stores and record bins out of the way, and loved their music obscure but retro. And then it came to mean a little arty scene out of New York specialised in situationnist Rock happenings (Television, Richard Hell, Patti Smith, Dictators... ultimately the Ramones who are the true inventors of the Punk-rock sound as we now know; since the first British Punk bands in the aftermath of Glam, like the Damned, the Sex Pistols or the Clash were all fans of Nuggets and copying the Ramones' playing! Richard Hell actually created the Punk look with spiked hairdo and ripped clothes...), an intellectual movement that catered around CBGB's in Lower Manhattan from 1974 onwards.
Malcolm Mc Laren, who was a Factory admirer trying to emulate his idol Andy Warhol by doing with the Sex Pistols what Andy had done with the Velvet Underground ten years before, brought the whole "Punk" art concept back to London where it really hit the fan, developping into a full blown Youth movement and Social phenomenon, fuelled no doubt by the economy crisis situation going on at the time in Thatcher's England.
And since it was all started by rock critic dissidents raving about it in fanzines, the general media came to mix it all up, calling "Punk" the music played by these new bands (while it actually and originally meant what music these bands were favoring and listening to rather than playing : original Garage-rock of forgotten US sixties' bands!)... Real Kids bassist Jeff Jensen (a cult Boston band equivalent to New York's Ramones...) remembers that at a gig in 1974 : « A music critic for one of the free entertainment magazines at the time saw us and gave us an excellent review, calling us a « punk group »... We all more or less looked at each other saying : « Punk? ...What is that? ».
The only historic bands that truly made the junction between 77's Punk and '66 Garage were Detroit's MC5 and especially the Stooges :
... No wonder when the late Greg Shaw (R.I.P.) started the cult "Pebbles" compilation series in Nugget's wake in 1979, by then he had to add the caption : "Original Sixties Punk Classics" or "Original Artyfacts From The First Punk Era", as if to set the record straight and going back full circle as the true music purist he always was; Bless his Soul!